Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CROLY, David Goodman, journalist, born in New York City, 3 November 1829. He was graduated at New York University in 1854, was subsequently a professor of phonography, and a reporter for the New York "Evening Post " and " Herald" from 1855 till 1858. He owned and edited the Rockford, Illinois, "Daily News" from 1858 till 1859, and became City editor of the New York "World" when it was founded in 1860, then its managing editor until 1872. His active work as a newspaper editor terminated in 1878, when, in consequence of ill health, he resigned the editorship of the New York "Graphic," which he had held since 1872. Mr. Croly has had some notoriety as a predicter of financial catastrophes, and foretold in the spring of 1872 the panic of the autumn of 1873, naming the banking-house (Jay Cooke & Co.) that first failed, and also indicated the railroad (the Northern Pacific) that would first go down. Mr. Croly has contributed many articles to periodicals, and published lives of Seymour and Blair, with a "History of Reconstruction " (New York, 1868), and a " Primer of Positivism" (1876).
--His wife, Jane Cunningham Croly, born in Market Marborough, England, 19 December 1831, is known by her writings under the pen name of "Jenny June." Her father came to the United States when she was ten years old. Until that time she was educated at her native place, afterward by her father and brother at Poughkeepsie and New York. In 1857 she was married, and in 1860 became editor of Demorest's " Quarterly Mirror of Fashion," and when that periodical and the New York " Weekly Illustrated News " were incorporated into "Demorest's Illustrated Monthly " she became the editor of the new journal. Mrs. Croly has been also editorially connected with the New York " World," " Graphic," daily "Times," and "Noah's Sunday Times," and was dramatic critic and assistant editor of the " Messenger" for five years, 1861-'6. She invented the system of duplicate correspondence, and has practiced it for thirty years.
Mrs. Croly's pen name of "Jenny June" was derived from a little poem by Benjamin F. Taylor that was sent to her, by her pastor, in Poughkeepsie when she was about twelve years old with the name underlined, because, he said, " You are the Juniest little girl I know." Mrs. Croly called the first Woman's Congress in New York in 1856, and also the second, in 1869, and in 1868 founded the Sorosis, and was its president until 1870, and again from 1876 till 1886. She is vice-president of the Association for the advancement of the medical education of women. She has published "Talks onWomen's Topics" (1869); "For Better or Worse" (1875); a "Cookery-Book for Young Housekeepers"; and " Knitters and Crochet," " Letters and Monograms" (New York, 1885-'6).
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