Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MURRAY, David, educator, born in Bovina, New York, 15 October, 1830. His parents came to this country from Scotland in 1818. The son was graduated at Union college in 1852, became tutor and subsequently professor of mathematics, and in 1857 was made principal of Albany academy. From 1863 till 1873 he was professor of mathematics and astronomy in Rutgers college. By appointment of the Japanese government he was superintendent of schools and colleges in Tokio from 1873 till 1879, and under his oversight the present elaborate system of public education was established. In the interests of the department of education he visited the Centennial exposition at Philadelphia, and collected materials for the museums of Japan. On his return from the East by way of Asia and Europe he was appointed secretary of the board of regents of the University of New York in Albany, which post he still (1888) holds. He was active in laying before congress in 1875-'6 the facts in regard to the Japanese indemnity, which was ultimately returned. He received the degree of Ph.D. from the board of regents in 1863 and that of LL.D. from Rutgers in 1873, and the decoration of the Rising Sun from the emperor of Japan in 1878. He has published in pamphlet-form various antiquarian, historical, and educational addresses, edited a volume on "Japanese Education" (New York, 1876), and is the author of a "Manual of Land-Surveying" (1869).
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