Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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RICHMOND, Dean, capitalist, born in Barnard, Vermont, 31 March, 1804; died in New York city, 27 August, 1866. His ancestors were farmers, living in and about Taunton, Massachusetts, but his father, Hathaway, removed to Vermont. In 1812 the family removed again to Salina, New York Business reverses overtook the elder Richmond, and he went to the south and soon afterward died in Mobile. At the age of fifteen years Dean entered upon the business of manufacturing and selling salt at Salina with success. Before he had attained his majority he was chosen a director in a Syracuse bank. In 1842 he established himself in business in Buffalo, New York, as a dealer and shipper of western produce, with his residence at Attica, and subsequently at Batavia. He won a reputation for upright dealing and responsibility that was not surpassed by any resident in the lake region. He became interested in railways, was a leader in the movement to consolidate the seven separate corporations that subsequently constituted the New York Central railroad, and chiefly by his personal efforts procured the passage of the act of consolidation by the legislature. Upon the organization of the company in 1853 Mr. Richmond was made vice-president, and in 1864 he was chosen president, which post he held till his death. Mr. Richmond did not have the advantages of an early education, but his extensive and careful reading in later years, and his observation of men and things, made him most intelligent. Early in life he espoused the cause of the Democratic party, and while yet a boy he enjoyed the confidence of the leaders that constituted the " Albany regency." He became the leader of his party in the state of New York, and for several years tie was chairman of the Democratic state committee, but he never sought nor held public office.
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