Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BENAVIDES Y DE LA CUEVA, Diego (bay-nah-vee-des), count of Santisteban del Puerto. Spanish soldier, born about 1600; died in Lima, Peru, 17 March 1666. He was a descendant of Alfonso, VII. of Castile. He studied at Salamanca, and entered the army, distinguishing himself in the Italian war in 1637; was afterward governor of Galicia, viceroy of Navarre, member of the war council, and one of the plenipotentiaries that signed the treaty of peace between Spain and France, and arranged the marriage of the Spanish infanta Maria Teresa to Louis XIV. of France, for which Philip IV. gave him the title of marquis of Solera. He was appointed viceroy of Peru, entered Lima, 31 July 1661, re-established order at La Paz in December of that year, sent an expedition to Chili under Governor Angel Pereda, appointed a special board to regulate Indian labor, which prevented many abuses and afforded great benefits to the Indians, and endowed a chair of mathematics in the University of Lima.
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