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Domingo Dulce y Garay

DULCE Y GARAY, Domingo (dool'thay), Marquis of Castel Plorite, governor general of Cuba, born in Rioja, Spain, in 1808: died in Madrid, 23 November 1869. He entered the army in 1823, took part in the first Carlist war, where he distinguished himself by his bravery, and in 1841, when a captain, became famous for his gallant defense of the queen's palace with 48 men against 1.000 insurgents under Diego Leon. Isabella made him brigadier general in 1847, and in 1849 he was promoted to field marshal. In 1855, while commanding the cavalry in Madrid, he took part with Marshal O'Donnell in the Vicalvaro insurrection, and was afterward made a lieutenant general. In 1862 Serrano made him governor general of Cuba, where he became popular. He took stringent measures against the slave traffic, founded free high schools, and introduced useful reforms in every department. During his administration occurred the famous extradition case of Colonel Arguelles, who, having sold as slaves 141 African Negroes who were entitled to their freedom by the law, fled to the United States to avoid punishment. The Spanish government asked for his extradition, and, although there was no treaty between the two countries at that time, Sec. Seward, after a long diplomatic correspondence, ordered Arguelles to be surrendered to the governor general of Cuba. In 1866, after the fall of the liberal government, General Dulce returned to Spain and made a report, in which he suggested a measure whereby all children born thenceforth of slave mothers should be declared free from birth. He was shortly afterward arrested on suspicion of being engaged in a conspiracy to depose the queen, but was soon released. The Revolution of 1868 restored him to influence, and in January 1869, he was again appointed governor of Cuba, under very trying circumstances. A great part of the Island was in open revolt, and General Dulce tried to bring about peace by sending a special commission to the insurgents, but failed. After a short though eventful administration, General Dulce was compelled to resign by the Spanish volunteers at Havana, on account of his desire to deal mercifully with captured insurgents. He returned to Spain in June 1869, in broken health, and died during the same year.

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