Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MARTINES, Domingo Jose (mar-tee'-nes), Brazilian insurgent, born in Lisbon, Portugal, in 1780; died in Bahia, Brazil, 18 May, 1817. He was a merchant, and, becoming involved in difficulties, he fled to South America in 1807 to escape punishment. He studied law in Pernambuco, and, being admitted to the bar, made a fortune in a few years. But the particulars of his former life becoming known, his practice began to diminish, and he abandoned his profession to become a politician. His eloquence won him many partisans, as he advocated the independence of Brazil and republican principles. Entering into negotiations with General I Victoriano and General Cavalcante, he received promise of support, and raising a corps of guerillas, he began in 1816 operations against the royal forces. In April, 1817, his followers numbered more than 5,000, and the Brazilian government organized against him a powerful expedition under Colonel Nello. During the following month several battles were fought with varying success; but the forces of Martines diminishing day by day, and resolving on a bold enterprise, he marched against Bahia, and encountered Colonel Mello on 16 May. in the valley of Ipajuco. The insurgents were finally routed and Martines taken prisoner. He was taken on the following day to Bahia, tried and condemned to the gallows by a court-martial.
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