Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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SANTA MARIA, Domingo, president of Chili, born in Santiago, 4 August, 1825. He studied in the National institute, and in 1845 was professor of geography and arithmetic there. In 1846 he was appointed chief clerk of the ministry of justice, and in 1847, after being graduated in law, he filled the post of sub-secretary of state. At the age of twenty-three years he was elected intendant of Col-chagua. As a Liberal he took an active pai't in the disturbances of 1850 and 1851, and was exiled to Lima. Returning to Chili in 1852, he began the practice of his profession, but in 1858 was exiled again and travelled through Europe. On his return he was minister of the treasury during 1863-'4. In 1865-'6, as special envoy to Peru, he signed the treaties for mutual defen¢.e against Spain with that republic, and on his return in 1867 he was appointed judge of the supreme court. He was also several times elected to congress, was dean of the faculty of law, and in 1874 became president of the court of appeals. Under President Pinto he was a member of the cabinet, as secretary of public works and instruction, in 1878, of the interior in 1879, and of foreign relations in 1880. In 1881 he was elected president of the republic, taking charge of the executive on 18 September During his administration the final peace with Peru and Boll-via was arranged, Araucania was pacified, many reforms were inaugurated, and railroads were built. On 24 January, 1885, an attempt was made on his life, by means of an infernal machine, but it was frustrated. Since the close of his presidential term on 18 September, 1886, he has been again president of the court of appeals. He has published "Biogra-fia de Josd Miguel Infante" (Santiago, 1853), and "Memoria Histdrica sobre la abdicacion del direr-tor Don Bernardo O'Higgins" (1858).
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