Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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YOU, Dominique, soldier, born in Hayti in 1775; died in New Orleans, Louisiana, in 1830. Little is known of his early life, but he is supposed to have followed the sea at first. Subsequently he served in the artillery corps during the wars of the French republic, and in 1802 accompanied General Victor Leclerc to Santo Domingo. Afterward he found his way to New Orleans, where he was employed by the brothers Jean and Pierre Lafitte, and soon became the pirates' principal captain. He was nicknamed " Captain Dominique " by the French and "Johnness " by the Americans, and won reputation for boldness and daring. When Venezuela. declared her independence, Captain Dominique procured letters of marque from the patriots and did much damage to Spanish commerce in the Gulf of Mexico. During the following years he took part in the unlawful operations of the Lafittes in the bayous, and in July, 1814, was indicted by a grand jury for piracies in the Gulf" but could not be apprehended. At the subsequent raid on the pirates' establishments in Barataria he escaped to the swamps of the interior" but when the English invaded Louisiana he offered his services to the American authorities, and was appointed commander of a company of artillery, which he formed with the best gunners of the pirates' ships and which did such good service in the battle of New Orleans, 8 January, 1815, that they were mentioned in General Andrew Jackson's general order of 21 January as " having shown uncommon gallantry and skill in the field." On the strength of this, all proceedings against Dominique You were dropped, and he settled quietly in New Orleans, where he enjoyed great popularity as a politician and afterward strongly supported General Jackson. You's example did much to pacify Louisiana and secure the good-will of the lawless population, and when he died he was given a military funeral at the public expense. See Charle Gayarre's "Histoire de la Louisiane" (New Orleans, 1847).
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