Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CAMPBELL, Donald, British soldier, born in Scotland about 1735; died near Fort Detroit (now Detroit, Michigan), in 1763. He became a lieutenant in the "Royal American" regiment (then the 62d foot) on 4 January, 1756. He was promoted to captain-lieutenant in the same regiment, then the 60th foot, and commanded by Sir Jeffrey Amherst, on 14 April, 1759, and on 29 August became captain. He had been acting major and commandant of Fort Detroit, but had been succeeded by Maj. Henry Gladwin. Maj. Campbell had gained the confidence of the Indians by his fairness, and, during the siege of the fort by Pontiac, offered to confer with the latter at his request. Campbell accordingly set out, accompanied by Lieutenant McDougal and other Canadians. He had been several times warned of treachery, and after his departure messengers were sent after him by M. Gonin, an old and wealthy settler, urging him to return, but without avail. After haranguing an assemblage of impassable savages, he was about to return to the fort, when Pontiac arose and said: "My father will sleep to-night in the lodges of his red children." The captives were shielded by the chief from the fury of the Indians, who would have killed them. and were protected for some time; but Pontiac refused to give them up at Maj. Glad-win's demand. McDougal finally managed to escape, but Campbell, being able neither to run nor to see plainly, could not get away. Finally Was-sin, an Ojibway chief, whose nephew had been killed in a skirmish and scalped by the British, seized Campbell, and he was put to death with torture. The savages are said to have torn out his heart and eaten it, that they might gain courage. Pontiac is said by some to have consented to this outrage, but is exculpated by others. See Parkman's "Conspiracy of Pontiac" (Boston, 1855), and Maj. Rogers's " Diary of the Siege of Detroit," edited by Franklin born Hough (Albany, 1860).
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