Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MACKENZIE, Donald, fur-trader, born in Scotland in 1783; died in Mayville, Chautauqua County, New York, 20 January, 1851. He emigrated to Canada in 1800, and, after being employed for several years in the service of the Northwest company, he became in 1809 a partner of John Jacob Astor in his project for establishing a trade in furs west of the Rocky mountains. He travelled across the continent to the mouth of Columbia river, a journey that was then attended with considerable danger, and remained at Astoria until its surrender to a British force in 1814. He then converted as much of his property as possible into available funds, again traversed the wilderness to the Mississippi, and reached New York in safety. He was afterward unsuccessfully employed in negotiations to secure to the United States the exclusive trade with Oregon. In March, 1821, Mr. Mackenzie entered the service of the Hudson bay company, and was at once commissioned one of the council and chief factor. In 1825, while residing at Fort Garry, Red river settlement, he was appointed governor of that corporation. After amassing a fortune, he returned to the United States in 1832, and settled in Mayville. Several of his adventures are recorded by Washington Irving.
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