Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CRAFTS, Ebenezer, pioneer, born in Pomfret, Connecticut, in 1740; died in Craftsbury, Vermont, in 1810. He was graduated at Yale in 1759, and became a merchant in Sturbridge, Massachusetts. He served under Lincoln during the Shays rebellion as commander of a regiment, and in 1790 immigrated with his family to the wilderness of Vermont and there founded the town that is called after him.--His son, Samuel Chandler, governor of Vermont, born in Woodstock, Vermont, 6 October, 1768; died in Craftsbury, Vermont, 19 November, 1853, was graduated at Harvard in 1790, removed with his father to Craftsbury, V t., the same year, was chosen town-clerk upon the organization of the town in 1792, and held that office for thirty-seven years. During his life he filled every office within the gift of the people of Vermont. He was the youngest delegate in the State constitutional convention that met at Windsor in 1793, was elected to the legislature in 1796, and again in 1800, 1801, 1803, and 1805, was register of probate for the Orleans district from 1796 till 1815, judge of the Orleans county court from 1800 till 1816, and during the last six years chief judge. He was clerk of the house of representatives in 1798-'9, and a member of the executive council in 1809-'12 and 1825-'7. He was elected a representative in congress in 1816, and served for four successive terms, from 1817 till 1825. In the latter year he was again chosen chief judge of the county court, and served till 1828, when he was elected governor of the state. In 1829 he presided over the constitutional convention of the state, and was re-elected governor in that year and in 1830. In 1842 he was appointed by the governor, and subsequently elected by the legislature, to fill the unexpired term of Samuel Prentiss as United States senator, and served from 30 April, 1842, till 3 March, 1843. In 1802 he accompanied Dr. Francois A. Michaud in his botanical explorations of the valley of the lower Mississippi.
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