Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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ANDREWS, Edmund, surgeon, born in Putney. Vermont, 22 April 1824. He was graduated at the University of Michigan in 1849; then, studying medicine, he received his degree from the medical department of the University in 1852. He settled in Ann Arbor and became demonstrator of anatomy and professor of comparative anatomy in the University, but in 1856 removed to Chicago, where he has since resided. Here he has filled the place of demonstrator of anatomy at the Rush medical College, and subsequently the chairs of the principles and practices of surgery and of clinical and military surgery in the Chicago medical College, of which institution he is one of the founders. In 1859 he became surgeon to the Mercy hospital, and during the civil war he served in a similar capacity with the 1st Illinois light artillery. He is a member of numerous medical and scientific societies, and is president of the Illinois state medical society and of the Chicago academy of sciences. Dr. Andrews was one of the founders of the Michigan state medical society, and is a trustee of the Northwestern University. He is the author of a great number of articles in different branches of surgery which have been published in medical journals and proceedings of the societies to which he belongs. He has made numerous improvements in surgical apparatus and operations; among them is the practical demonstration of the value of free incision, digital exploration, and disinfections of lumbar abscesses, a treatment previously forbidden.
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