Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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PEASLEE, Edmund Randolph, physician, born in Rockingham county, New Hampshire, 22 January, 1814; died in New York city, 12 January, 1878. He was graduated at Dartmouth in 1836, and at the medical department of Yale in 1840. While he was abroad, the next year, he was elected professor of anatomy and physiology in Dartmouth, which chair he occupied till i871, and was then transferred to that of gynecology. He removed to New York city in 1858, became eminent in his profession, and established a wide reputation as a gynecologist. He performed the first successful ovariotomy in New England by the abdominal section, and made the first use of injections into the peritoneal cavity after ovariotomy in 1855. During the civil war he was surgeon to the New England hospital, New York city, and to the New York state hospital. He was at different times president of the New Hampshire state medical society, of the New York city pathological society, of the New York obstetrical society, of the New York academy of medicine, of the "Medical Journal" association, and, at his death, of the American gynecological society, he was professor of anatomy in the New York medical college for many years, was subsequently transferred to the chair of general pathology and physiology, and still later to that of the diseases of women and of obstetrics. He lectured on this branch in Albany medical college in 1872-'4, and from 1874 till his death was professor of gynecology in Bellevue hospital medical college. He was one of the editors of the "American Medical Monthly," contributed largely to professional journals, and is the author of " Ovarian Tumors, their Pathology, Diagnosis, and Treatment" (New York, 1872).
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