Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MORTIER, Edouard Louis (mor-te-ay), French naturalist, born in Mulhouse in 1801; died in Rio Janeiro in 1852. He was sent in 1835 on a scientific mission to South America, and explored the Guianas, the United States of Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, and Brazil, returning to France in 1840, In 1843 he settled in Brazil, and became professor of botany and natural history in the College of Rio Janeiro, which post he held till his death. He published "Des origines des Indiens habitant l'Amerique du Sud "(Paris, 1841) ; " Traitd du tabac et du cacao " (1841); "Historia plant a-ruin circa Cayenne sponte crescentium" (1843); " Prodomus florve Brasilicae, sistens enumerationem plantarum cellularium quae in insula Santa Catilina crescent " (2 vols., Rio Janeiro, 1849) ; "Historia generalis plantarum Americanarum in qua familiae per tabulas disponuntur" (2 vols., 1850); and several other works.
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