Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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POLLARD, Edward Albert, journalist, born in Nelson county, Virginia, 27 February, 1828; died in Lynch-burg, Virginia, 12 December, 1872. He was graduated at the University of Virginia in 1849, and studied law at William and Mary, but finished his course in Baltimore. Mr. Pollard then emigrated to California and took part in the wild life of that country as a journalist until 1855, after which he spent some time in northern Mexico and Nicaragua, and then returned to the eastern states. Subsequently he went to Europe, and also travelled in China and Japan. During President Buchanan's administration he became clerk of the judiciary committee in the house of representatives, and he was an open advocate of secession in 1860. At the beginning of the civil war he was without political employment, and was studying for the Protestant Episcopal ministry, having been admitted a candidate for holy orders by Bishop William Meade. From 1861 till 1867 he was principal editor of the " Richmond Examiner," and, while an earnest advocate of the Confederate cause during the war, he was nevertheless a merciless critic of Jefferson Davis. Toward the close of the war he went to England in order to further the sale of his works, and was then captured, but, after a confinement of eight months at Fort Warren and Fortress Monroe, was released on parole. In 1867 he began the publication in Richmond of "Southern Opinion," which he continued for two years, and also in 1868 established "The Political Pamphlet," which ran for a short time during the presidential canvass of that year. Mr. Pollard then made his residence in New York and Brooklyn for several years, often contributing to current literature. His books include "Black Diamonds Gathered in the Darkey Homes of the South" (New York, 1859) ; "Letters of the Southern Spy in Washington and Elsewhere" (Baltimore, 1861); " Southern History of the War" (3 vols., Richmond, 1862-'4; 4th vol., New York, 1866) ; "Observations in the North: Eight Months in Prison and on Parole" (Richmond, 1865) ; "The Lost Cause : A New Southern History of the War of the Confederates" (New York, 1866; written also In French for Lana, 1867) ; "Lee and his Lieutenants" (1867) ; "The Lost Cause Regained" (1868); "Life of Jefferson Davis, with the Secret History of the Southern Confederacy" (1869) ; and "The Virginia Tourist" (Philadelphia, 1870).--His wife, Marie Antoinette Nathalie Granier-Dowell, born in Norfolk, Virginia, married James R. Dowell, from whom she separated during the civil war on account of political differences. She then made her way, with great difficulty, through the lines of the armies, to her brother's residence in New Orleans, and later returned to Richmond, where she met Mr. Pollard, whom she married after the war. Subsequent to the death of Mr. Pollard, she became a public speaker, and in this capacity she canvassed California for the Democratic presidential ticket in 1876. She has also lectured on the Irish and Chinese questions, advocating greater liberty to these people, and has been active in the temperance movement, holding the office of deputy grand worthy patriarch of the states of New York and New Jersey. Besides contributions to the newspapers, she has published occasional poems.--His brother, Henry Rives, editor, born in Nelson county, Virginia, 29 August, 1833; died in Richmond, Virginia, 24 November, 1868, was educated at Virginia military institute, and at the University of Virginia. Later he published a newspaper in Leavenworth, Kansas, during the troubles in that territory, and thence went to Washington, where he was employed in the post-office department. At the beginning of the civil war he was news editor of the "Baltimore Sun," but removed to Richmond, where he became one of the editors of the "Richmond Examiner." After the war he was associated in the founding of "The Richmond Times," and for a time was one of its staff. In 1866 he revived the "Richmond Examiner," and controlled its editorial columns until 1867, when he disposed of his interest. He then established, with his brother, "Southern Opinion," of which he continued until his death one of the editors and proprietors. Mr. Pollard was shot at and killed from an upper window on the opposite side of the street by James Grant, who felt himself aggrieved by an article that was published in Pollard's paper.
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