Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MARSHALL, Edward Chauncey, author, born in Little Falls, Herkimer County, New York, 8 July, 1824. His ancestor, Thomas, from whom Marshall street in Boston was named, settled in that city in 1634. Edward was graduated at Geneva (now Hobart) college in 1843. and while a student there invented the arctic rubber overshoe. He also invented the register of fares with a dial-plate which is now in use on several street-car lines. From 1845 till 1847 he was tutor of mathematics in Geneva and of mathematics under Professor Charles Davies at West Point. From 1848 till 1852 he was a tutor in the New York free academy, and in 1852-'5 a professor in the Episcopal high-school, Alexandria, Virginia In 1871 he held an office in the New York customhouse. From 1875 till 1885 he was connected with the New York "Star" and the " Evening Telegram," and he is now (1888) the financial agent of the American protective , tariff league. He is the author of "Book of Oratory" (New York, 1852)" " History of the United States Naval Academy" (1862)" "Ancestry of General Grant" (1869) ; and a pamphlet, "Are the West Point Graduates Loyal ?" the statistics of which were quoted in congress and aided in preventing the military academy from being closed at this time by its enemies (New York, 1862).--His brother, Eiisha Gaylord, soldier, born in Seneca Falls, New York, 26 January, 1829" died in Canan-daigua, New York, 3 August, 1883, was graduated at the United States military academy in 1850, assigned to the 6th infantry, and served on frontier duty and in the Utah expedition of 1858. He was promoted captain on 14 May, 1861, and on 20 April, 1862, became colonel of the 13th New York regiment. He was engaged in the various campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, being severely wounded at Fredericksburg, Virginia, and receiving the brevet of lieutenant-colonel, 13 December, 1862. He was on sick leave of absence from that date until 23 May, 1863, when he was mustered out of the volunteer service and appointed mustering and disbursing officer at Rochester, New York In May, 1864, he engaged in the Richmond campaign, commanding a brigade in the Army of the Potomac, and was wounded at Petersburg, 17 June, 1864. He was one of the leaders in the assault after the mine explosion, and was captured after holding the crater during most of the day. He was a prisoner in Columbus, Georgia, from 30 July, 1864, till April, 1865, and from May till July of that year commanded a brigade. He was brevetted brigadier-general of volunteers and brigadier-general, United States army, for gallant and meritorious services, 13 March, 1865, mustered out of the volunteer service on 16 August, and on 12 June became major of the 5th infantry. He was retired as colonel on 11 September, 1867.
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