Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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DAVID, Edward (dah-veed'), Flemish buccaneer, lived in the latter part of the 17th century. He enrolled himself in early life in the Brotherhood of the Coast, was soon acknowledged as a leader, and sailed in 1688 with an expedition, consisting of the frigate " Tiger," of 36 guns, and two smaller vessels, with an English crew, for the Pacific coast of South America, by way of the strait of Magellan. The Viceroy of Peru, Duke of La Plata, received information, 12 March 1684, that David's ships had been sighted on the coast of Chili, and in the King's islands, on the northern coast. David was joined by two parties of French filibusters, who had landed in the gulf of Darien and, crossing the isthmus to Panama. had captured some vessels, with which they were devastating the coast of Mexico. With this re-enforcement. his squadron consisting now of five vessels and a fire ship, he attacked the Peruvian coast and vessels, and laid waste a number of fertile districts of Peru and Chili. The viceroy fitted out an expedition against the audacious buccaneer, and after many delays the squadron, consisting of four powerful galleons and two fire-ships, sailed, 7 May 1685, from Callao under the command of the chief admiral of the Pacific coast, Antonio Beas, together with the viceroy's brother-in-law, Tomas Paravicino, Vice-Admiral Santiago Pontejos, and a large number of the nobility of lama. After landing the government treasure and silver remittances of the Lima merchants in the port of Pericos, to be transported overland to Porto Bello, he sailed in search of the pirates, whom he met near the King's islands. On 8 June a spirited battle was fought, and the buccaneers were almost defeated, when the want of united action among the Spanish leaders gave the buccaneers an opportunity to escape. The French filibusters now separated from David, one of their ships sailing for the coast of Mexico, and the other for Chili, intending to return to the Atlantic coast of the continent through the straits of Magellan. The Spanish fleet was also in need of repairs, and anchored in Paita, where, by carelessness, the admiral's ship took fire, and over 400 persons perished in the flames, only a son of the vice-admiral, Pontejos, being saved. Emboldened by this disaster to the Spanish navy, David returned to continue his depredations on the Peruvian coast, and in the latter part of 1685 sacked the cities of Guayaquil, Paita, Santa, and Casma, and in March 1686, the City of Sana. At Casma he ordered the priest to be killed, as he thought he was concealing his treasures. At Huaura he took prisoner the mayor, Blas de la Carrera, and, a large sum for his ransom not being delivered promptly, David had the mayor's head cut off and hoisted at the yardarm of his frigate. He afterward occupied and plundered Canete, Pisco, and, on 11 June after a severe fight, the City of Paracas, taking prisoners the principal persons of the City, whom he released for a ransom of $24,000. Hearing that a new and powerful expedition was fitting out at Callao against his forces, he abandoned the coast of Peru, sailing to the northern shores, where he continued his plundering expeditions against the cities along the coasts of Mexico and Central America. Ill 1688 he took advantage of an amnesty granted by James II. and returned to England, where he lived in peace to old age, enjoying the riches gathered during his five years' cruise.
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