Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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SALISBURY, Edward Elbridge, philologist, born in Boston, Massachusetts, 6 April, 1814. He was graduated at Yale in 1882, studied theology there for three years, and in 1836-'9 prosecuted the study of oriental languages under Silvestre de Sacy, a part of whose library he brought with him to the United States, and also with Garcin de Tassv in Paris and Franz Bopp in Berlin. A professorship of Arabic and Sanskrit was created for him at Yale in 1841. and, after spending another year in the study of Sanskrit at Bonn, he entered on the duties of his professorship with the delivery of an "Inaugural Discourse on Arabic and Sanskrit Literature" (printed privately, 1848). In 1854 he gave up the chair of Sanskrit to William D. Whitney, providing the endowment and subsequently giving to the university his oriental library. He acted as professor of Arabic for two years longer, and then spent another year in Europe. He had meanwhile been elected corresponding secretary of the American oriental society, and for several years he conducted the "Journal" and labored for the prosperity of the society, of which he became president in 1863. Professor Salisbury was elected a member of the Asiatic society of Paris in 1888, and a corresponding member of the hnperial academy of sciences and belles-lettres at Constantinople in 1855, and of the German oriental society in 1859, besides being a member of other learned societies, and was given the degree of LL. D. by Yale in 1869 and by Harvard in 1886. Besides oriental papers in the "Journal of the American Oriental Society," he has published articles in the "New Englander," and has printed privately an account of the Diodlati family (New Haven, 1875); a lecture on the "Principles of Domestic Taste," delivered before the Yale school of the fine arts (1877); and a large volume of "Genealogical and Biographical Monographs" (1885). Two additional volumes are now (1888) in press.--His wife, Evelyn, born in Lyme, Connecticut, 3 November, 1823, a daughter of Charles J. McCurdy, began and has aided him in the completion of the latter, which treat of her lines of descent, as the former work did of the lines of his descent, and that of the Phillips family, to which his first wife belonged.
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