Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BUFFUM, Edward Gould, journalist, born in Rhode Island about 1820; died in Paris, France, 24 October, 1867. He was the son of Arnold Buffum, a well-known philanthropist of New England. In early life he became connected with the "New York Herald," and continued his connection with this journal until the beginning of the Mexican war, when he joined Col. Stevenson's regiment of New York volunteers, with which he went to California in 1846 as a lieutenant. He served on the Pacific side of Mexico, and at the close of the war returned to California and took an active part in the explorations for gold. The fruits of his observations he embodied in a work entitled "Six Months in the Gold Mines" (Philadelphia, 1850). When the "Alta California" newspaper was founded, Mr. Buffum became its editor-in-chief. He was elected a member of the legislature from San Francisco, and declined the speakership. He wrote a history of Col. Stevenson's regiment, in which he gave a graphic and interesting description of life in California in its early days. He went to Europe as special correspondent of the "New York Herald," residing in Paris in that capacity for more than eight .)Tears, up to the time of his death. He was a frequent contributor to magazines, both European and American.
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