Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MATHEW, Edward, British soldier, born in England in 1729; died in Claville Lodge, Hants, England, 26 December, 1805. He was ensign in the Cold-stream guards in 1746, captain and lieutenant-colonel in 1762, colonel in 1775, and aide-de-camp to George III. the same year. He came to the United States in 1776 in command of a brigade of guards, with the rank of brigadier-general, participated in the capture of Fort Washington, led the party that was sent to destroy Gosport, Virginia, and after his return accompanied Sir Henry Clinton up the Hudson. He was colonel of the 65th regiment in 1779, appointed major-general the same year, and in 1780 was stationed at or near New York, but returned to England the same year. He was commander-in-chief of the forces of the West Indies in November, 1782, governor-general of Granada and the southern Carribean islands in 1783, and in 1797 was given the rank of general.
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