Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MAYNARD, Edward, inventor, born in Madison, New York, 26 April, 1813. He entered the United States military academy in 1831, but resigned in the same year, and in 1835 became a dentist, which profession he has since followed. In 1857 he became professor of theory and practice in Baltimore college of dental surgery, and he now (1888) holds that chair in the dental department of the National university at Washington. He has devised many methods and instruments in connection with his profession, but is best known by his improvements in fire-arms. These include a system of priming to take the place of the percussion-cap (1845), which has been applied to rifles and muskets by the United States government and abroad; the Maynard breech-loading rifle (1851-'9), which is now in use by nearly all civilized nations; a method of converting muzzle-loading arms into breech-loaders, which has also been adopted here and abroad (1860); a device for joining two gun-barrels so that they may expand or contract endwise independently; an indicator for showing the number of cartridges in the magazine of a repeating firearm at any time; and numerous minor inventions, all of which have been patented. Dr. Maynard has received many honors, both in the United States and from foreign governments.--His son, George Willoughby, artist, born in Washington, D. C., 5 March, 1843, studied at the Royal academy of fine arts of Antwerp in 1869-'73, and in 1878 had a studio in Paris, but returned to this country and has resided in New York city. He is a member of the Society of American artists and the American water-color society, and has been president of the Salmagundi sketch-club and the American black and white society, and in 1885 was elected a National academician. In 1884 he was awarded a medal at the Pennsylvania academy of fine arts. Besides numerous portraits, his works include " Vespers at Antwerp" and " 1776," sent to the Centennial exhibition of 1876 ; "Water Carriers of Venice" (1878) ; "Musical Memories" ; and "Venetian Court." He has exhibited at the National academy "An Ancient Mariner" (1883) ; "Aurora" (1884) ; "Strange Gods" (1885) ; "Portrait of a Child" (1886); and " Old and Rare" (1887).
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