Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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HAMMOND, Edward Payson, evangelist, born in Ellington, Connecticut, 1 September, 1831. He was graduated at Williams in 1858, studied two years in the Union theological seminary, New York city, and in 1860-'1 completed his studies in the theological seminary of the Free Church, Edinburgh, Scotland. He was ordained as an evangelist by the presbytery of New York, 2 January, 1863, and in the spring of 1864 began laboring in Chicago with Dwight L. Moody. In 1866-'8 Mr. Hammond made an extended tour through Great Britain, France, Italy, Egypt, and Palestine, and in 1867 held services for six weeks in London, where he was instrumental in establishing" the "Children's Special Service Mission." His labors in St. Louis in 1874 resulted in the addition of over 5,000 members to the different churches and in the organization of the "Evangelical Alliance of St. Louis," comprising clergymen of all denominations, who united to prosecute evangelistic work. In 1874 he also made a missionary tour as far north as Alaska, reaching that territory; before any other missionary. Mr. Hammond has preached with great success in all parts of the United States and in Canada, and has spent in all six and a half years in work in the Old World. In 1886 he conducted a series of meetings in London, extending over seven months. Mr. Hammond was the first to introduce the "service of song," and to use the kind of hymns that have since become popular for such meetings. He is the author of about one hundred books and tracts, besides many hymns. The former include "The Conversion of Children" (reprinted in many countries, and in lands as far distant as southern India), "Gathered Lambs," "The Child's Guide to Heaven," "Sketches of Palestine," "Jesus the Lamb of God," "Little Ones in the Fold," and "The Better Life." One of Mr. Hammond's hymn books has been translated into Norwegian and Swedish. His history and methods of work are described in "Reaper and Harvest," by the Reverend Phineas C. Headley (New York, 1884).
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