Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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EXMOUTH, Edward Pellew, Viscount, English naval officer, born in Dover, England, 19 April 1757; died in Teignmouth, 23 January 1833. He entered the navy in 1770, and joined the frigate "Blonde," which sailed to the relief of Quebec. His first distinction was gained in the battle of Lake Champlain, 11 October 1776, against the flotilla of Arnold, whom he nearly made prisoner. In command of a body of seamen, he rendered great assistance to the army of Burgoyne in its difficult advance to Saratoga, was sent to England with dispatches, and promoted; he became post captain in 1782, and from 1786 till 1789 was stationed off Newfoundland.
In the war with France he commanded the frigate "Nymphe," of thirty-six guns, in 1793, and captured the French frigate "La C1eopatre," after a desperate battle. This was the first prize taken in the war, and Exmouth was knighted, and afterward employed to blockade the coast of France. In 1796, by his bravery and presence of mind, he saved the lives of all on board a wrecked transport near Plymouth, and for this action he was made a baronet. He was elected to parliament in 1802. He returned to the navy in 1804, was promoted rear admiral, and made commander-in-chief in the East lndies, where he annihilated the Dutch fleet in 1806. He became vice-admiral in 1808, was sent to command forces in the Mediterranean in 1810, and during this service concluded treaties with Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli, for the abolition of Christian slavery. In 1814 he was created Baron Exmouth of Canonteign and admiral of the blue, and in 1816 was advanced to a viscounty for his gallantry in bombarding and destroying the fleet and arsenal of Algiers in that year. He was retired from active service in 1821.
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