Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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NICHOLS, Edward Tatnall, naval officer, born in Augusta, Georgia, 1 March, 1823; died in Pomfret, Connecticut, 12 October, 1886. He was appointed to the United States naval academy in 1836, became passed midshipman in 1842, lieutenant in 1850, and commander in 1862. At the beginning of the civil war he was placed in command of the steamer "Winona" in the Western Gulf blockading squadron, participated in the bombardment of Fort Jackson and Fort St. Philip, and received the surrender of the latter on 28 April, 1862. He also took part in the passage of the batteries at Vicksburg, and was commended for " ability, steadiness, and sound judgment." In June, 1864, while in command of the steamer "Mendote." he engaged the Confederate battery at Four Mile Creek, James river, Virginia He became captain in 1866, commodore in 1872, rear-admiral in 1878, and was placed on the retired list in March, 1885.
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