Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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COX, Edward Travers, geologist, born in Culpepper county, Virginia, 21 April, 1821. His father, when the boy was only four years old, moved to New Harmony, Indiana, and joined Robert Owen's community, he was educated in the schools belonging to the community, and pursued studies in geology and chemistry under Dr. David Dale Owen, whom he subsequently assisted in making the geological surveys of Kentucky and Arkansas, both in the field-work and in the laboratory. Mr. Cox continued with Dr. Owen until the death of the latter in 1859. He was sent by a party of capitalists in 1864 to New Mexico for the purpose of examining mining property, and investigations of other geological localities were made, including the examination of the Spanish Peak coal, the Raton Mountain coal, and the hot springs of Ojo Caliente, the water of which was qualitatively analyzed on the spot by him, and the copper mines at the head of Gila river, as well as the deposits of magnetic iron-ore in that vicinity.
The United States government in 1865 published a detailed report of this expedition. During 1865 he made an examination of the coal-seams in Gallatin county, Illinois, at the request of A. H. Worthen, state geologist of Illinois, and established their order of sequence. Later he examined certain of the coal-measures of southern Illinois, and a report of his results was published in the sixth volume of the "Geological Survey of Illinois" (Springfield, 1875). He was appointed in 1868 state geologist of Indiana, and held that office until 1880. Under his direction the work accomplished was published as eight "Annual Reports of the Geological Survey of Indiana" (1869 to 1878). He was the first to make a correct column of the coals of western Kentucky, southern Illinois, and Indiana, and also filled the chair of geology in the University of Indiana in virtue of his office on the geological survey. After his resignation he spent some time in California examining mining property as an expert, and in this capacity visited many of the gold, silver, copper, and antimony mines in the west and in Mexico. More recently he has made New York City his residence.
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