Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MERRITT, Edwin Atkins, consul, born in Sudbury, Vermont, 26 February, 1828. He was thrown on his own resources at an early age, and removed in 1841 to St. Lawrence county, New York, and became a surveyor. After holding local offices he was elected to the lower branch of the legislature as a Republican in 1859, and re-elected in 1860. At the beginning of the civil war ha became quartermaster of the 60th New York regiment, served with the Army of the Potomac, and in Sherman's Georgia campaign acted as commissary of subsistence. On 1 January, 1865, he was made quartermaster-general of the state of New York, and he superintended the Soldiers' home in New York city. He also established free agencies for the collection of bounties, back pay, and pensions that were due New York volunteers. In 1869-'70 he was naval officer of the port of New York. In 1875 he was the unsuccessful Republican candidate for state treasurer. In December, 1877, he became surveyor of the port of New York, and in 1878 he was appointed collector in place of Chester A. Arthur. He was United States con-sul-general in London in 1881-'5.
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