Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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GAILLARD, Edwin Samuel, physician, born in Charleston district, South Carolina, 16 January 1827; died in Louisville, Kentucky, 1 February, 1885. He was graduated at the University of South Carolina in 1845, and at the medical College of the same state in 1854. He removed to Florida during the latter year, and practiced there until 1857, when he took up his residence in New York City, and later visited Europe. On his return, he again settled in New York City, and in 1860 received the " Fiske" fund prize for an essay on ozone. In the spring of 1861 he removed to Baltimore, and afterward joined the Confederate army, in which he filled various professional offices until the close of the war. In May, 1865, he began to practise in Richmond, Virginia, and the following year established the " Richmond Medical Journal," which he removed to Louisville in 1868, and published there under the title of the " Richmond and Louisville Medical Journal." In July, 1874, he also established the " American Medical Weekly." In June, 1867, he was made professor of general pathology and pathological anatomy in the Medical College of Virginia, and in May, 1868, he was elected to the same chair in the Kentucky school of medicine at Louisville. The following year he was appointed professor of the principles and practice of medicine, and general pathology, in the Louisville medical College, of which he was the first dean. Having lost his right hand at the battle of Seven Pines, in May, 1862, Dr. Gaillard performed his professional and literary work under the greatest difficulties. He was a member of many medical societies, and received a prize for an essay on diphtheria. In 1873 the University of North Carolina conferred on him the degrees of M. A, and LL.D.
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