Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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LORD, Eleazar, financier, born in Franklin, Connecticut, 9 September, 1788; died in Piermont, New York, 3 June, 1871. He was educated in the district schools of his native town, studied four years at Andover theological seminary and one at Princeton, but was forced by the failure of his eyesight to abandon a professional life. He went to New York in 1815, where he engaged in commercial pursuits, and subsequently in banking, founded the Manhattan insurance company in 1821, was its president twelve years, and introduced important changes in the system of insurance. He was a founder of the New York and Erie railroad, and its president for many years, an advocate of the "free banking system," which was adopted in New York in 1838, and induced Henry Clay to declare himself in opposition to free-trade. Mr. Lord was an accomplished scholar, and a successful projector of schemes for the public good. He was a founder of the American Sunday-school union in 1815, its corresponding secretary in 1818-'26, and its president from the latter date till 1836. He was a founder in 1820, and subsequently secretary and president, of the National institution for the promotion of industry, at the same time editing its organ, the " Patron of Industry" ; and he assisted in establishing the Home and foreign missionary society, the theological seminaries at Auburn, New York, and East Windsor, Connecticut, and the University of New York, of which he was a trustee for many years. His pamphlet on the subject led to the establishment of the American and other educational societies. He removed to Piermont, New York, in 1836, and was principally engaged during the remainder of his life in philanthropic work and the composition of religious: books and pamphlets. In 1861 he originated and drew in his own handwriting what he claims to be the draft of the first greenback that was ever issued in the United States. He founded, edited, and was a contributor to the " Theological and Literary Journal." The University of New York gave him the degree of LL.D. in 1861. His publications include an edition of Lempriere's " Biographical Dictionary," to which he contributed 800 original articles (New York, 1825); " Credit, Currency, and Banking" (1828);" The Epoch of the Creation'" (1838); "Geological and Scriptural Cosmogony" (1843); "The Mediatorial Work of Christ" (1844); "The Messiah in Moses and the Prophets" (1852) ; "Symbolic Prophecy" (1854) ; "Hints to Orthodox Millenarians" (1854); "An Historical Review of the New York and Erie Railroad" (1855); "The Plenary Inspiration of the Holy Scriptures" (1855) ; "A Layman's Letters to the Pastoral Union of Connecticut" (1856); " The Prophetic Office of Christ" (1858); "Inspiration not Guidance nor Intuition" (1858); " Reviews of Authors on Inspiration" (1859); " The Psalter readjusted in its Relation to the Temple Services" (1860) ; "Analysis of the Book of Isaiah" (1861); " A Letter on National Currency" (1861); and "Six Letters on the Necessity and Practicality of a National Currency" (1862).--His brother, David Nevins, author, born in Franklin, Connecticut. 4 March, 1792; died in New York city, 14 July, 1880, was graduated at Yale in 1807, and studied theology, but was prevented by delicate health from entering the ministry. He settled in New York in 1823, for many years was a successful importer of dry-goods, and was concerned in the early management of the New York and Erie railroad company. From early manhood he gave much study to theological subjects, especially on the fulfilment of prophecy, and the true methods of interpretation of symbolism. In 1848-'61 he edited a quarterly entitled the "Theological and Literary Journal," and was its principal contributor. His publications include " Exposition of the Apocalypse" (New York, 1847) ; "Characteristics of Figurative Language" (1854) ; "Louis Napoleon--is he to be the Imperial Chief of the Ten Kingdoms?" (1866): and "Visions of Paradise," an epic (1867).
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