Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MAGOON, Elias Lyman, clergyman, born in Lebanon, New Hampshire, 20 October, 1810; died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 25 November, 1886. He was the grandson of a Baptist minister, and the son of an architect who was successful in his profession, but was long an invalid. At the age of sixteen he was apprenticed to a bricklayer, but he prepared himself by even!ng study for college, and entered Waterville college (now Colby university). During his vacations he followed his trade. He entered Newton theological seminary in 1836, and in 1839 was ordained as a Baptist minister, and settled over a church in Richmond, Virginia After a pastorate of six years, in consequence of a division of his church on the question of slavery he resigned, and was called to a pastorate in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he remained for four years. In 1849 he took charge of a church in New York city, where he preached for eight years. He next held a pastorate in Albany, New York, for ten years, and was then pastor of the Broad street church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, till April, 1884, when he retired from the pulpit. He subsequently delivered lectures in various parts of the country. He received the degree of D. D. from Rochester university in 1853. He was a collectorof books and objects of art, and was well known as a connoisseur. Before his death he sold his paintings to Vassar college, and presented his Protestant theological works to Newton seminary, his Roman Catholic collection to Cardinal John McCloskey, miscellaneous books to Colby university and Bates college, Maine, illustrated art works to Rochester university, and water-color drawings to the New York metropolitan museum of art. Dr. Magoon wa, s an eloquent preacher and lecturer, and made himself popular by the bold enunciation of broad humanitarian views. He was the only clergyman in Philadelphia who advocated opening the permanent exhibition to the public on Sundays. He was the author of "Eloquence of the Colonial Times" (Cincinnati, 1847); "Orators of the American Revolution" (New York, 1848); "Proverbs for the People" (Boston, 1848); "Living Orators in America" (New York, 1849): " Republican Christianity" (Boston, 1849); and " Westward Empire " (New York, 1856).
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