Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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SMITH, Elias, author, born in Lyme, Connecticut, 17 June, 1769; died in Lynn, Massachusetts, 29 June, 1846. His early education was scanty, but he became a teacher, and in 1792 was ordained to the ministry of the Congregational church. He was pastor at Woburn, Massachusetts, in 1798-1801, and afterward supplied various vacant pulpits. He edited the "Christian Magazine," a quarterly, in 1805-'7, and in 1808 began the publication of the "Herald of Religious Liberty," the first religious newspaper that was ever printed, it having preceded the " Religious Remembrancer" of Philadelphia by five years and the "Boston Recorder" by eight. His publications include "The Clergyman's Looking-Glass" (Woburn, 1803) ; "The History of Anti-Christ" (1803) ; "Twenty-two Sermons on the Prophecies" (1808); "New Testament Dictionary" (Philadelphia, 1812) ; "The Fall of Angels and Men" (1812) ; " Life, Conversion, Preaching, Travels, and Sufferings of Elias Smith" (Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 1816)" "The Christian Pocket Companion" (Exeter, New Hampshire, 1825) ; "' The Family Physician and Family Assistant" (Boston, 1832) ; and the " People's Book" (1836).--His son, Matthew Hale, author, born in Portland, Maine, in 1816 ; died in Brooklyn, New York, 7 November, 1879, was educated in the public schools, and at seventeen years of age ordained to the ministry of the Universalist church, from which he withdrew about 1840, became a Unitarian, and in 1842 was ordained in the Congregational ministry, and for the subsequent ten years preached in Boston, Nashua, and other churches in Massachusetts. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1850, removed to New York city, added journalism to his two other professions, and as correspondent of the "Boston Journal," under the pen-name of "Burleigh," attained reputation for brilliancy of style and humor. Ha was also a successful lecturer, and made several extensive tours in that capacity throughout the United States. His publications include "Text-Book of Universalism " (Boston, 1836) ; " Universal-ism Examined, Renounced, and Exposed " (1842); " Universalism not of God" (New York, 1847); "Sabbath Evenings" (1849); "Mount Calvary" (1866); and "Sunshine and Shadow in New York" (Hartford, 1868-'9).
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