Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CLARKE, Elijah, soldier, born in North Carolina" died in Wilkes county, Georgia, 15 December, 1799. He removed to Georgia in 1774, became a captain in 1776, and distinguished himself in engagements both with Indians and British on the frontiers of Georgia; was appointed a colonel of militia, engaged in the battles of Musgrove's Mill and Blackstocks, afterward promoted brigadier-general, and contributed to the capture of Augusta in June, 1781. At the battle of Long Cane he was severely wounded, and, on his recovery, joined the command of Gen Pick-ens. He afterward fought many battles, and made several treaties with the Creek Indians. He was accused in 1794 of a design to establish an independent government in the Creek nation, where he had settled in violation of law, and was suspected of accepting a commission and receiving emoluments from the French government.--His son, John, born in 1766: died in west Florida, 15 October, 1832, was appointed a lieutenant in the Continental army at the age of sixteen, fought under his father with distinction at the siege of Augusta, the battle of Jack's Creek, and other actions, and rose by rapid promotion to the rank of major general in the militia of his state. At a critical period in the war of 1812 he was placed in command of the forces raised to defend the sea-coast of Georgia. He was a presidential elector in 1816, and afterward served as governor for two terms. A few years before his death he removed to Florida.
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