Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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SABIN, Elijah Robinson, clergyman, born in Tolland, Connecticut, 10 September, 1776; died in Augusta, Georgia, 4 May, 1818. His ancestor, William, whose name is written Sabin, Sabine, and Saben, came to this country in 1645, and held local offices in Rehoboth, Massachusetts, and his father, Nehemiah, served in the Revolutionary war, and was fatally wounded at Trenton In 1784 his family removed to Vermont, and the son was employed in clearing land, educating himself in leisure hours. In 1798 he began to preach, and in 1799 he entered the Methodist Episcopal ministry. He was appointed presiding elder of the Vermont district, in 1805, and subsequently of the New London district, embracing Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and a part of New Hampshire. He was appointed chaplain of the Massachusetts house of representatives, being the first of his denomination to hold this office, and afterward became pastor of a Methodist church in Hampden, Maine He assisted in the military hospital there, and, after the enemy took possession of the town, was taken prisoner and confined in a transport. His wife mounted a horse, rode nine miles to the British commander, and obtained his release on the plea that he was a non-combatant In 1815 he resumed his charge in Hampden. He died while travelling in the southern states to regain his health. Mr. Sabin was the author of the "Road to Happiness," and "Charles Observator."--His son, Lorenzo (Sabine), historian, born in New Lisbon, New Hampshire, 28 February, 1803; died in Boston, Massachusetts, 14 April, 1877, adopted Sabine as the spelling of his surname. He was self-educated, and was employed in various capacities. He was elected to the legislature from Eastport for three successive terms, and held the office of deputy collector of the customs, but returned to Massachusetts in 1849, and was appointed in 1852 a secret and confidential agent of the United States treasury department, with reference to the operation of the Ashburton treaty as connected with our commerce with British colonies He was elected to congress as a Whig in place of Benjamin Thompson, serving from 28 December, 1852, till 3 March, 1853, and was afterward appointed secretary of the Boston board of trade. The degree of A. M. was conferred on him by Bowdoin in 1846, and by Harvard in 1848. He contributed to the "North American Review" and "Christian Examiner," and was the author of the life of Commander Edward Preble (1847) in Sparks's "American Biography"; "The American Loyalists, or Biographical Sketches of Adherents to the British Crown in the War of the Revolution" (Boston, 1847; 2d ed., 2 vols., 1864); "Report on the Principal Fisheries of the American Seas," prepared for the United States treasury department (Washington. 1853) ; "Notes on Duels and Duelling, with a Preliminary Historical Essay" (Boston, 1855; 2d ed., 1856); and an address before the New England historic-genealogical society, 13 Sept 1859 on the "Hundredth Anniversary of the Death of Major-General James Wolfe.
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