Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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LONG, Eli, soldier, born in Woodford county, Kentucky, 16 June. 1837. He was graduated at the Frankfort, Kentucky, military school in 1855, and in 1856 appointed 2d lieutenant in the 1st United States cavalry. Prior to 1861, when he was promoted 1st lieutenant and captain, he served with his regiment mainly against hostile Indians. Throughout the civil war he was actively engaged in the west at Tullahoma, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, and in the Atlanta campaign, as colonel of the 4th Ohio cavalry, and subsequently in command of a brigade of cavalry. He was brevetted major, lieutenant-colonel, and colonel for "gallant and meritorious services" at Farmington and Knoxville, Tennessee, and Lovejoy's Station, Georgia, respectively. On 13 March, 1865, he was brevetted brigadier-general of volunteers for gallantry at Selma, Alabama, where he led his division in a charge upon the intrenchments that resulted in the capture of that place. He was severely wounded in the head in the action. For his services during the war he was also brevetted major-general in the regular army and major-general of volunteers, and having been mustered out of the volunteer service, 15 January, 1866, he was retired with the rank of major-general in August, but was reduced to brigadier-general through the operation of the act of 3 March, 1875.
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