Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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PEARSON, Eliphalet, educator, born in New-bury, Massachusetts, 11 June, 1752" died in Greenland, New Hampshire, 12 September, 1826. He was graduated at Harvard in 1773, taught in Andover, and was licensed to preach, but was prevented by the failure of his eyesight from accepting a charge. During the Revolution he executed a commission from the general court to manufacture saltpetre and gunpowder for the patriot army. He was appointed by Governor Samuel Phillips first preceptor of Phillips Andover academy in 1778, continued in that office for eight years, and in 1786-1806 was professor of Hebrew and oriental languages at Harvard. In 1804-'6, after the death of President Joseph Willard, he discharged the duties of the latter's office. On his resignation he returned to Andover, and was instrumental in establishing the theological seminary there. He was ordained to the ministry of the Congregational church in 1808, and the same year became first professor of sacred literature in Andover theological seminary, holding office one year, when he retired, and devoted the remainder of his life, for the most part, to agricultural put'-suits. Yale and Princeton gave him the degree of LL.D. in 1802. He was secretary of the American academy of arts and sciences, president of the Society for promoting Christian knowledge, a founder of the American educational society, and a member of numerous religious and charitable bodies. He left many unpublished manuscripts, the most valuable of which is a course of lectures on language that he delivered at Harvard. Among his published works are occasional discourses, a Hebrew grammar, and a "Sermon on the Death of President Joseph Willard" (Cambridge, 1804).
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