Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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SAULSBURY, Eli, senator, born in Kent county, Delaware, 29 December, 1817. He attended common and select schools, followed an irregular course at Dickinson, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1845, and practised in Dover, Delaware He was a member of the leaislature in 1853-'4, and succeeded his brother, Willard, as United States senator, having been elected as a Democrat in 1870. He was re-elected in 1876, and again in 1883 for the term that will expire on 3 March, 1889. He offered an amendment to the "force bill " in the 42d congress, and in the same session opposed in two speeches and voted against the act "to enforce the provisions of the 141h amendment to the constitution of the United States and for other purposes." He moved an amendment to the specie-payment bill, and spoke and voted in the negative against military interference in the organization of the Louisiana legislature in the 43d eong'ress.--His brother. Willard, senator, born in Kent county. Del., 2 Jun< 1820, was educated at Delaware and I)ieldnson eolleg'es, studied law, practised in Georgetown, Delaware, and in 1850-'5 was state attorney-general. In the mean time he took an active part in politics, and became known throughout the state as an orator. He was chosen United States senator as a Democrat in 1858, and served by re-election till 1871. During his first term of service in that body he devoted all his energies to the preservation of the Union, and the prevention of civil war. Among his important speeches was that on the state-rights resolution of Jefferson Davis, delivered 2 April, 1860' that on the resolution proposing to expel Jesse D. Bright (q. , , .), delivered 29 January, 1862" that on the bill to prevent officers of the army and navy h'om interfering in elections in the southern states, delivered 24 March, 1864" and that on amending the constitution of the United States. delivered 6 March, 1866. In the 36th congress he closed the debate on disunion by calling attention to the fact that "as Delaware was the first to adopt the constitution of the United States, she would be the last to do any act looking to separation." He offered a resolution proposing a conference for the settlement of difficulties in the 371h congress, and argued against the constitutionality of the bill on compensated emancipation in Missouri. He served on the reconstruction committee in the 39th congress, voted in the affirmative on the 15th amendment in the 40th congress, and in the negative on the Virginia bill in the 41st congress. He was a deles'ate to the Chicago Democratic convention in 1864. Since 1873 he has been chancellor of Delaware.
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