Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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COUES, Elliott (cows), naturalist, born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 9 September, 1842. He was graduated at Columbian University, Washington, District of Columbia. in 1861, and has since received from that institution the degrees of A. M., M. D., and Ph.D. In 1862 he entered the United States army as medical cadet. and in 1864 was made assistant surgeon, which rank he retained until his resignation on 17 November, 1881. Meanwhile he had received the brevet of captain for services during the war, and in 1866 was post surgeon at Columbia, South Carolina In 1869 he was elected professor of zoo1ogy and comparative anatomy at Norwich University, Vermont, and from 1873 till 1876 was surgeon and naturalist to the United States northern boundary commission, and in 1875 collaborator at the Smithsonian institution. From 1876 till 1880 he was secretary and naturalist to the United States geological and geographical survey of the territories, and in 1877 became professor of anatomy in the National medical College. Subsequent to his resignation in 1883 he was appointed professor of biology in the Virginia agricultural and mechanical College. Dr. Cones is a member of many scientific societies both in the United States and Europe, and in 1877 was elected a member of the National academy of sciences. Within a few years he has become prominently identified with the theosophist movement in the United States, and is a member of the general council and president of the American board of control of the Theosophical society of India. He has been editor or associate editor, for years, of the "Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey," "Bulletin of the Nuttall Ornithological Club," "American Naturalist," "American Journal of Otology," " Standard Natural History," "The Auk," "Century Dictionary," and other publications. Prof. Cones is the author of several hundred monographs and minor papers in scientific periodicals. Among his important works are "Key to North American Birds" (Boston, 1872); "Field Ornithology" (Salem, 1874); "Birds of the Northwest" (Boston, 1874); "Fur-bearing Animals" (1877); "Monographs of North American Rodentia," with J. A. Allen (Washington, 1877); "Birds of the Colorado Valley" (1878); "Ornithological Bibliography " (1878-'80); "New England Bird Life," with R. E. C. Stearns (1881); "Cheek-List and Dictionary of North American Birds" (Boston, 1882); "Air-Fauna Columbiana," with died W. Prentiss (1883); "Biogen, a Speculation on the Origin and Nature of Life" (Boston, 1884); "New Key to North American Birds" (1884); and " The Daemon of Darwin" (1884).
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