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KEROUALLE, Eloi Ferdinand Latour de (kair'-ou'-M'), West Indian magistrate, born in Saint Francjois, Grande-Terre, Guadeloupe, 11 January, 1772; died in Basse Terre, 6 November, 1831. He became district attorney of Pointe-h-Pitre in 1797, and afterward of Basse Terre. At the time of the invasion of the colony by the British in 1809 he raised a regiment among his own slaves and fought at its head. Lord Cochrane confirmed him in his post of judge of the supreme court, in the name of George III., and offered him knighthood and the presidency of the supreme court of Jamaica, which Keroualle declined. In 1819 he resigned from the bench to accept the presidency of the privy council of the governor-general, which post he held till his death. Keroualle is the author of several important works on the French colonies. He is still considered as the most competent writer on colonial laws and customs, and his "Les lois et constitutions en vigueur dans les colonies fran-caises de l'Amerique, appeldes iles sous le vent, de 1650 a 1790" (9 vols., Paris, 1821-'7), is the stand-ar(1 work on the French colonial administrative system during the last two centuries. Among his other publications are "Statistique de la Guadeloupe" (Basse Terre, 1820); "Exposd du regime colonial a la Martinique et a la Guadeloupe durant le xviii~ sidcle" (2 vols., Paris, 1825); "Essai de notions coloniales" (1827); "De l'effet du climat des Antilles sur le systeme nerveuse" (1828)" "De la longdvitd a la Guadeloupe, suivie de tables statistiques comparant la mortalite darts les Antilles avecla mortalite en France" (2 vols., 1829)" "Du resultat pour les colonies fran(;aises des Antilles de la rdvolution et de la guerre qui en a ete la suite" (2 vols., 1830)" and "Expose du climat des Antilles et de son influence sur les Europdens et les ereoles" (1831).
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