Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MASSE, Enemond, clergyman, born in France in 1574; died in Canada, 12 May, 1646. He entered the Society of Jesus in 1596, and was sent by his superiors to Port Royal (now Annapolis), in Acadia, where he landed, 12 June, 1611. Every obstacle was thrown in their way by Biencourt, the governor of the settlement, a boy of eighteen, and at last, in despair, he resolved to return to Europe. But after embarking he was forced by Biencourt to re-land and treated with great indignity. At last the Marchioness de Guercheville, who had supplied the funds for the enterprise, resolved to found a mission colony in some other place. A vessel was fitted out which sailed for Port Royal, took Masse on board, and landed him on Mount Desert island. Here he established a mission settlement under the name of the Holy Saviour. A fort was built, but it was soon after attacked by Samuel Argal (q. v.), who took the missionaries and most of the colonists to Virginia. Masse appears to have been allowed to return to France in 1614. According to one account he was turned adrift in a small boat, and picked up by a French vessel. He endeavored to persuade the younger members of his order to follow him to Canada, whither he returned in 1625. He labored among the Algonquins and Montagnais till Quebec was taken in 1629, when he was a second time made prisoner. In 1633 he was again sent to Canada, and remained there till his death.
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