Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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ENRIQUE (also called ENRIQUILLO or HENRIQUiLLO) (ehree'kay), Haitian caciq.ue, born in the 16th century. He was the son of the caclque of Barouco, but was educated in the Christian religion by the monks of the convent of San Francisco, in Managua, Santo Domingo. When he was of age, Enrique took upon himself the government of his tribe. In 1519 Valenzuela, a Spaniard, inherited an Indian commanders situated in Enrique's domains, and obtained from this chief all the assistance prescribed by law. But the cruel conduct of Valenzuela toward the Indians was such that Enrique had to make repeated complaints to the Spanish authorities ; obtaining no redress, the cacique finally took to the mountains with a small number of his followers.
There Valenzuela, with twelve colonists, went to attack him, and was defeated and taken prisoner, but generously set at liberty by Enrique. Other forces sent by the Spanish government were also unsuccessful, and finally Fray Remigio, who had been Enrique's teacher, was sent to exhort him to surrender. Enrique answered that he would give up the struggle if he should be allowed to enjoy the liberty of the mountains. For thirteen years the Spaniards made no headway, and in 1533 General Barrio-Nuevo, empowered by the emperor, made a treaty of peace with Enrique. The latter selected the region of Boya as his residence, and was declared hereditary prince, and many natives flocked to his domains. After this time (about 1544) he is not mentioned by historians.
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