Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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SAUNDERS, Ephraim Dod, clergyman, born in Brookside, Morris County, New Jersey, 30 September, 1808; died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 13 September, 1872. He was graduated at Yale in 1831, and, after studying theology in New Haven for a few months, went to Virginia, where he engaged in teaching. He was licensed to preach there in 1833, ordained to the Presbyterian ministry in 1834, and was instrumental in building three churches, but relinquished preaching on account of a throat trouble, and became principal of an academy in Petersburg, Virginia After travelling in Europe, he engaged in missionary work in the Pennsylvania coal region, but in 1852 he established, in West Philadelphin, Saunders institute, a military school, which attained a high reputation, He discontinued the school in 1870, and in 1871 gave the buildings and grounds, which were valued at $100,000, to found, as a memorial of his son, Courtland, the Presbyterian hospital, toward whose endowment he raised $100, -000 more by his personal efforts. He received the degree of D.D. from Lafayette. During the civil war Dr. Saunders was active in raising volunteers and obtaining money for bounties, and established a drill class, in which he trained many officers for the volunteer service. See his "Life," by Thomas D. Suplee (Philadelphia, 1873).--His son, COUBT-LAND, who was a teacher in the institute, served as a captain in the National army, and was killed at Antietam. He published a work on "Paradigms of Latin Verbs" (Philadelphia, 1860).
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