Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BEATTY, or BEATTIE, Erkuries, soldier, born 9 October 1759; died in Princeton, New Jersey, 23 February 1823. He was the son of Charles Beatty, chaplain, to whom he owed his singular name, compounded from the Greek (E and Kuptos " from the Lord"). He was apprenticed to a resident of Elizabethtown, New Jersey, when the war for independence began, and enlisted at once. He served at the battle of Long Island under Lord Stirling, was acting sergeant at White Plains, and ensign in the 4th regiment of the Pennsylvania line, 3 January 1777. He was promoted 1st lieutenant 2 May and was in the battles of Brandywine, Germantown where he was wounded), Monmouth, and Newtown, besides participating in the hardships of Valley Forge and the campaigns of Van Schaick and Sullivan. When the Pennsylvania line was reorganized after the mutiny in 1781, he went south with General Wayne, joined Lafayette on the Rappahannock, fought at Jamestown (6 July 1781), and was present at Yorktown and the surrender of Cornwallis. Until 3 November 1783, he was on duty guarding prisoners at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and was then mustered out of service. After serving for a time as clerk in the war department, he was appointed 1st lieutenant in the regular army, 24 July 1784. From 1786 until 1788 he was acting paymaster of the western army, and during the two years succeeding was in command at Fort St. Vincent (now Vincennes, Indiana). He was a major under General St. Clair, but escaped the defeat of that officer 4 November 1791, having been sent to Fort Jefferson with a detachment. He resigned from the army during Wayne's western campaign in 1793, and went to Princeton, New Jersey His journal as paymaster of the western army was published in the "Magazine of American History," vol. i., from the original manuscript in the possession of the New York Historical Society. Major Beatty had three brothers, all of whom were officers in the revolutionary army.
His son, Charles Clinton Beatty, D.D., was the founder of the Steubenville, Ohio, female seminary, and president of the board of trustees of the Western Theological Seminary at Allegheny, Pennsylvania
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