Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HAZELIUS, Ernest Lewis, clergyman, born in Neusalz, Silesia, Prussia, 6 September., 1777; died in South Carolina, 20 February, 1853. On his father's side he was descended from a long line of Swedish Lutheran ministers, extending back to the time of Gustavus Vasa. His father left his native land, settled in Neusalz, and married a member of the 5Ioravian church, and young Hazelius was therefore brought up in that faith. He pursued his theological course at Niesky, a Moravian institution, after which he was licensed to preach the gospel. In 1800 he was appointed classical teacher in the Noravian seminary at Nazareth, Pennsylvania, and accepted, notwithstanding the opposition of his friends, and the fact that many lucrative posts had been offered him in his native land. He continued here for eight years, during which period he was promoted to the chair of principal professor of theology. Having resolved to sever his connection with the Moravians, he removed to Philadelphia in 1809, and in the latter part of the year took charge of several Lutheran congregations in New Jersey. He was then ordained by the New York ministerium, and resided at New Germantown, where he also conducted a classical academy. In 1815 Hartwick seminary was opened, and Hazelius elected professor of the-elegy and principal of the classical department. By his activity the new institution was established on a solid basis, and soon became widely known. In 1824 he received the degree of D.D. simultaneously from Union and Columbia. He left Hartwick in 1830 in order to accept the professorship of biblical and oriental literature and the German language in the theological seminary at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, but resigned in 1833, to accept a chair in the theological seminary of the synod of South Care-lina, which was at the time in great need of an efficient instructor and manager. Here he labored successfully until a few days before his death. In the year 1842 he visited his native land, where the strongest influences were unsuccessfully brought to bear to induce him to remain, the king of Prussia offering him a lucrative office. Dr. Hazelius was elected to professorships in Lafayette and Princeton, both of which he declined. He was an able instructor, and was well versed in general and ecclesiastical history, and as a theologian was solid and sound. As an author he was widely known. Besides editing for several years the "Evangelical Magazine," a German periodical published at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, he published "Life of Luther" (New York, 1813); " Augsburg Confession, with Annotations" (1813); " Materials for Catechization " (Cooperstown, New York, 1823): "Life of Stilling," from the German (Gettysburg, 1831); "Church History" (Baltimore, 1842): and "History of the Lutheran Church in America" (Zanesville, 1846)
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