Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MAISTRAL, Ernest Trauquille (may-stral), French naval officer, born in Quimper, 21 May, 1763; died in Guipavas, near Brest, 5 November, 1815. He enlisted in the navy in 1775, and took part in the war of American independence. He commanded a frigate in 1782, and assisted in the defeat, with two ships, of a division of the English fleet near Porto Rico. At the conclusion of peace in 1783 he continued to serve in the West Indies, and in 1792 was sent to cruise in the Atlantic and on the coasts of New England. He was imprisoned in 1794 on suspicion of being a royalist, but was released after the reign of terror, and served under Villaret-Joyeuse during the expedition to Santo Domingo in 1802, afterward transporting troops and supplies to Martinique. Returning to France in 1804, he joined Villeneuve, and accompanied him in his expedition to the West Indies in 1805. From 1806 till 1813 he was employed in several cruises in North and South America, and he retired in 1814 with the rank of rear-admiral.--His brother, Desire Marie, French naval officer, born in Quimper, 25 October, 1764; died in Brest, 17 August, 1842, entered the navy in 1776, and served during the war of American independence. He was a lieutenant at the conclusion of peace in 1783, and was ordered to service in Santo Domingo, where he remained almost without interruption till 1803, and held an important command in the fleet of Villaret-Joyeuse and Latouche-Treville during the expedition of 1802. He served afterward under Missiessy during his campaign in the West Indies in 1805, was severely wounded at the bombardment of Les Roseaux in Dominique, and retired in 1807. He deserves special mention for his generous conduct during the troubles in Santo Domingo, as he saved many citizens from certain death by receiving them at great personal danger on board his ship, and he also saved much personal property. In commemoration of his services his name has been lately given to a street in Port au Prince.
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