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LOPEZ, Estanislao, Argentine soldier, born in Santa Fe, 22 November, 1786; died there, 15 June, 1838. He entered the Argentine army during the war of independence, and was present in several battles under General Belgrano. In 1818 he had become colonel and military commander of the province of Santa Fe, and on 23 July of the same year was appointed its first governor, being promoted general in August. He took part in the civil war that began in that year, and was defeated by the forces of the Argentine government under General Balcarce on 27 November in Paso de Aguirre, and on 18-19 February, 1819, at Herradura, but on 10 March at Barrancas he was victorious. After two years of civil war Lopez arrived before Buenos Ayres, and the governor, Rodriguez, recognized the federal government on 23 February, 1820. When Balcarce was elected governor, Rodriguez, aided by Lopez, revolted against him, and was reinstated on 23 March. Dorrego defeated Lopez in the battle of Pavon on 12 August ; but on 2 September the latter defeated Dorrego in Gamonal, province of Santa FS, and the war between the provinces of Buenos Ayres and Santa Fe was ended by a treaty of peace on 24 November, 1820. In 1821 he declared war against the province of Entre Rios, and on 26 May conquered its governor, Ramirez, in the battle of Coronda. On 13 May, 1826, he signed a treaty of alliance between the provinces of La Plata against Brazil, and on 21 April, 1828, at the head of a strong army, he marched on the territory of Misiones. The Argentine national convention appointed him director and general-in-chief of all the national forces on 26 February, 1829, and on 26 April, 1829, he defeated General Lavalle in the battle of Puente de Marquez, near Buenos Ayres. He resigned the office of general-in-chief, 30 January, 1832. In 1857 his statue was erected in Santa F6.
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