Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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NARCHAND, Etienne (mar-shah), West Indian navigator, born in the island of Granada, 13 July, 1755; died in Mauritius, 15 May, 1793. He was a merchant, trading with both Americas, and in 1788 resolved on a voyage around the world for commercial purposes. Sailing from Marseilles on 14 December, 1790, on the ship "Le Solide," he sighted Staten island on 1 April, passed it, and sailed for twenty days around Tierra del Fuego, making surveys and soundings along the coasts. He arrived on 20 June at the Marquesas, and, after visiting other islands of Polynesia, he returned to the coast of America. He afterward visited the northern coast of China and Siberia, and returned to Europe in 1'792. Charles Fleurien (q. v.)has published a narrative of Marchand's voyage, with the marine charts that were prepared by that navigator (Paris, 1798). The narrative contains some new and interesting information about the northwest coast of North America. Marchand's astronomical observations in Berkley sound and along the coasts of Tierra del Puego and Patagonia are among the most complete ever made in those regions.
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