Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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PARENT, Etienne, Canadian journalist, born in Beauport, near Quebec, 2 May, 1801 ; died in Ottawa, Can., 23 December, 1874. He received his education in the Seminary of Quebec and in the College of Nicolet, and in 1822 became editor of the "Canadien," the oldest French journal in the province. He held the post till 1825, when he began to study law. Soon after his admission to the bar he left the profession, and was appointed translator to the legislative assembly of Lower Canada, and afterward librarian. In 1831 he resigned those offices and resumed the direction of the "Canadien," which he kept till 1842. He was imprisoned in 1837 for expressing extreme political opinions in his newspaper. At the union of the provinces in 1841 he was elected to parliament for Saguenay, but he resigned in 1842 to become clerk of the executive council, which post he held till 1847, when he was appointed assistant secretary for Lower Canada. He still continued to write for the "Canadien," which for a long time was, under his inspiration, a powerful weapon of the French-Canadian party. He gave a great number of public lectures on practical subjects, and was to some extent the originator of this mode of instruction in Canada. His principal lectures, delivered before the Canadian institute and published in the "Repertoire national" of 1848, are entitled "L'Industrie comme moven de conserver notre nationalite," "Importance de l'etude de l'economie politique," " Du travail chez l'homme," "Du pretre et du spiritualisme darts leur rapport avec socidtd," and " Considerations sur notre systeme d'education populaire sur l'education en gendral, et les moyens legislatifs d'y pourvoir." Some of his papers in the "Foyer Canadien" had much influence on the industry of the country. The principal are "De l'importance et des devoirs du commerce." "De l'intelligence darts ses rapports avecla societe," and " Considerations sur le sort des classes ouvrieres."
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