Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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EWER, Ferdinand Cartwright, clergyman, born in Nantucket, Massachusetts, 22 May 1826; died in Montreal, Canada, 10 October 1883. He was graduated at Harvard in 1848. His parents were Unitarians, but the rector of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Nantucket baptized him. This gentleman was one of the earliest of the "Ritualists," and young Ewer entered zealously into the novelties in worship of that day in the Episcopal Church. It was his purpose to enter the ministry, but instead he chose civil engineering as his profession, and in 1849 sailed for California by way of Cape Horn. There he became a journalist, and for eight years was busily occupied in editorial work. In 1852, after years of doubt, he returned to the Episcopal Church, were ordained deacon in 1857, and priest in 1858. He soon became rector of Grace Church, San Francisco, where he labored for two years. His health' having become impaired, he returned to the east in 1860, was for a while assistant minister in St. Ann's Church, New York City, and in 1862 was chosen rector of Christ Church. Here he began the introduction of practices not usual in Episcopal Churches, which, after a time, created disturbance among the people, and the rector felt it best to resign his charge. This was in 1871, when some friends organized a new parish for him by the name of St. Ignatius. Here he was at liberty to carry out fully his views as to doctrine and ritual, and he became the foremost champion of what he called catholic principles. Dr. Ewer was a man of genial spirit and temper, and was an able writer on theological and controverted points. While preaching in St. John's Church, Montreal, Sunday, 7 October 1883, he was stricken with paralysis, and died the third day afterward. Among other works he wrote "Two Eventful Nights, or the Fallibility of Spiritualism Exposed" (New York, 1856); "Catholicity in its Relations to Protestantism and Romanism " (1878), "The Operation of the Holy Spirit" (1880); and "Grammar of Theology" (1880).
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