Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MEEK, Fielding Bradford, paleontologist, born in Madison, Indiana, 10 December, 1817 ; died in Washington, I). C., 21 December, 1876. He received a public-school education, and when a. student became interested in the fossil remains that were found in the vicinity of his home. As he grew older he chose a mercantile career, but, failing in this, he directed his attention to geology, and became in 1848 an assistant in the United States geological survey of Iowa, Wisconsin, and Minnesota, then under the direction of David D. Owen. During 1852-'8 he assisted James Hall in the paleontological work of the state of New York except in the summers, when he was engaged in field-work. In 1853 he was associated with Ferdinand V. Hayden in making an collection of invertebrate and other fossils in the bad-lands of Dakota. He settled in Washington, D. C., in 1858, and thereafter devoted his time principally to investigating and reporting on the organic remains that had been accumulated by the governrnent exploring expeditions. The invertebrate paleontology of the Rocky mountain region, as developed in the survey under Professor Haayden, was intrusted to Mr. Meek. He also devoted much time to the paleontology of Illinois, Ohio, California, and of many of the territories. He was a member of many scientific societies, and in 1870 was elected to the National academy of sciences. His papers, which were numerous, appeared in the transactions of societies to which he belonged, in state and national geological reports, and in scientific journals. Mr. Meek published, through the Smithsonian institution, with Ferdinand V. Hayden, " Paleontology of the Upper Missouri" (1865); and alone "Check-List of the Invertebrate Fossils of North America.," cretaceous, jurassic, and miocene (1864) ; also a " Report on the Invertebrate, Cretaceous, and Tertiary Fossils of the Upper Missouri Country " (Washington, 1876).
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