Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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GAGE, Frances Dana, reformer, born in Marietta, Ohio, 12 October, 1808; died in Greenwich, Connecticut, 10 November, 1884. Her father, Colonel Joseph Barker, went from New Hampshire with the first, company of pioneers that settled Ohio. Miss Barker married in 1829 James L. Gage, a lawyer of McConnellsville, Ohio. She early became an active worker in the temperance, anti-slavery, and woman's-rights movements, and in 1851 presided over a woman's-rights convention in Akron, Ohio, where her opening speech attracted much attention. She removed in 1853 to St. Louis, where she was often threatened with violence on account of her anti-slavery views, and twice suffered from incendiarism. In 1857-'8 she visited Cuba, St. Thomas, and Santo Domingo, and on her return wrote and lectured on her travels. She afterward edited an agricultural paper in Ohio" but when the civil war began she went south, ministered to the soldiers, taught the freedmen, and, without pay, acted as an agent of the Sanitary commission at Memphis, Vicksburg, and Natchez. In 1863-'4 she was superintendent, under General Rufus Saxton, of Paris island, South Carolina, a refuge for over 500 freedmen. She was afterward crippled by the overturning of a carriage in Galesburg, Illinois, but continued to lecture on temperance till August, 1867, when she was disabled by a paralytic shock. Mrs. Gage was the mother of eight children, all of whom lived to maturity. Four of her sons served in the National army in the civil war. Mrs. Gage wrote many stories for children, and verses, under the pen name of "Aunt Fanny." She was an early contributor to the "Saturday Review," and published " Poems" (Philadelphia, 1872);" Elsie Magoon, or the Old Still-House" (1872) ; " Steps Upward" (1873) ; and "Gertie's Sacrifice."
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