Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BARLOW, Francis Channing, soldier, born in Brooklyn, New York, 19 October 1834. He was graduated at the head of his class at Harvard in 1855, studied law in the office of William Curtis Noyes, New York, and began practice in that city. For a time he was on the editorial staff of the "Tribune." In 1861 he enlisted as a private in the 12th regiment New York state national guard, and went to the front on the first call for troops to defend the capital. At the end of the three months' term of service he had been promoted lieutenant. He at once reentered the service as Lieutenant-Colonel of the 61st New York volunteers, was promoted colonel during the siege of Yorktown, and distinguished himself at the battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines (31 May and 1 June 1862), for which lie was afterward (19 September) promoted Brigadier-General. tie brought his regiment in good form through the trying "change of base" from the Chickahominy to the James river. At Antietam (17 September) his command captured two sets of confederate colors arid 300 prisoners, but he was severely wounded, and carried apparently dead from the field. At Chancellorsville (2 May 1863) he commanded a brigade in the 11th corps, but was not involved in the discreditable surprise of its commanding officer, having been detached early in the day to harass "Stonewall" Jackson in his flank movement on the national right. At the battle of Gettysburg (1 July 1863) he was severely wounded and taken prisoner during the first day's fight; but he was exchanged, and recovered in time to take the field again the following spring. At Spottsylvania Court-House, 12 May 1864, the 2d corps (General Hancock's) was ordered to storm the confederate works at dawn. General Barlow commanded the 1st division, which, with the 3d, formed the advance line. The works were carried with a rush, and 3,000 prisoners captured, comprising almost an entire division, with two general officers, Ed. Johnson and G. H. Steuart. This opened one of the most sanguinary and stubbornly contested engagements of the civil war, and was the first substantial success won during the campaign. General Barlow participated in the final campaigns of the Potomac army under General Grant, was present at the assault on Petersburg, and at the surrender of the confederate forces in April 1865, and was mustered out of the military service on the conclusion of peace. He was elected secretary of the state of New York in 1865, and served until 1868, when president Grant appointed him United States marshal of the southern district of the state. He resigned in October 1869. In November 1871, he was elected attorney general of the state, serving through 1872-'3. Since that date he has practiced law m New York city. General Barlow married Miss Arabella Griffith, who, while her husband was in the field, was highly efficient in the hospitals as a member of the United States sanitary commission. She died 27 July 1864, of fever contracted in the hospitals of the Army of the Potomac. His second wife is a daughter of Francis G. Shaw.
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